Hague Rules: The International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to Bill of Lading is a set of rules that are an internationally agreed standard conditions that apply to marine carriage contracts. The Hamburg Rules are often incorporated as a paramount clause in marine contracts of carriage.
Keiretsu: The horizontally and vertically linked industrial structure of Japan´s private economy. Horizontally linked groups include a broad range of industries linked by banks and trading companies. Vertically linked groups are centered around parent companies, with subsidiaries frequently serving as suppliers, distributors and retailers. See also sogo shoshas.
Zero-sum game: A negotiation strategy where one party´s gains are directly offset by another party´s losses. This negotiation strategy is typical of competitive negotiators that belongs to such emerging countries as China, Russia or Arab countries. This strategy is opposed to a win-win strategy. Negotiation and Business Culture Guides by Countries.