The Germany economy continued to grow at a moderate pace in the last quarter of 2016. In 2016 as a whole, economic output increased by 1.9 percent.
The domestic economy provided the most impetus for growth. In real terms, private households increased their spending by two percent. Public sector spending grew twice as much, rising by four percent. Capital investment in equipment increased by a moderate 1.1 percent. Construction investment recorded its biggest increase in five years, going up three percent.
The trade balance had a negative impact on GDP growth. Although 2.6 percent more goods and services were exported in 2016 than the previous year, imports outpaced the rise in exports, rising 3.7 percent in the same period. Foreign trade thus pulled growth down by 0.2 percentage points.
Given the good sentiment prevailing in almost all sectors of industry, economic growth in the first quarter 2017 is expected to match that of the last quarter 2016.
In 2017 overall, economic output is estimated to be 1.5 percent higher in real terms than the previous year. Calendar adjustments will lower the overall annual increase by 0.3 percentage points.
PDF Quarterly Report Germany I / 2017
Source: BDI - Federation of German Industries, Dr. Klaus Günter Deutsch, Head of Department, Research, Industrial and Economic Policy